Israel/Gaza conflict

Updated 19 January 2024

Geopolitical tensions in the inner Mediterranean and the Red Sea have increased since the escalation of the Israel-Gaza conflict in October 2023. The situation remains volatile and transits in the Gulf of Aden and Southern Red Sea, as well as port calls in Israel, should be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Yemen - port situation

Updated 17 January 2024

The Yemeni Red Sea Ports of Hodeida and Saleef are reported as open and operational, despite the Yemeni Houthis’ recent attacks on commercial vessel in the Southern Red Sea. 


List of links to Gard articles, member circulars and resources where the latest information on the current status of various sanction regimes can be found.     

Navigating decarbonisation

Updated 2 January 2024

The maritime industry is changing and transitioning to meet the global targets for decarbonisation. This page provides an overview and helps you navigate a changing landscape.

Soya bean cargo damage

Gard has experienced substantial claims for damage to soya beans shipped primarily from Brazil to China where the damage has been caused by microbiological instability of the cargo. 

War in Ukraine

The ongoing hostilities in Ukraine have had a huge impact on the maritime community and seafarers in particular, as well as global trade. 

Flighted spongy moth complex

The FSMC Moth is a destructive forest pest known to spread via ocean-going vessels in international trade. Vessels calling at certain ports in Asia Pacific between May and September should therefore be inspected and “certified free of FSMC” prior to departure.    

Mosquito-borne disease precautions

Updated 29 November 2022

At best, mosquitoes are annoying. At worst, they are carriers of dangerous diseases, and they are quite efficient at making humans sick. 

Maritime Labour Convention

The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC) entered into force on 20 August 2013 with additional amendments agreed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) entering into force on 18 January 2017.   

Piracy and armed robbery at sea

Piracy and armed robbery against vessels are some of the modern day challenges of the maritime and offshore industries.  

Covid-19 (Coronavirus)

Updated 6 January 2022

There are still a high number of COVID cases affecting crews and others on board ships, and many ports and countries continue to operate with changing restrictions and regulations, which differ from place to place.  

Cyber security

Updated January 2021

From 2021 shipowners and operators must incorporate cyber risk into ships’ safety management systems. With cyber criminals are already heavily at work, crises like the COVID-19 pandemic often lead malicious cyber actors to take advantage through various malicious methods.


Liquefaction of fine particle cargoes, resulting in cargo shift and loss of stability, has caused the loss of many lives in numerous marine casualties over the decades and continues to be a hot topic for P&I Clubs and their Members.